Introduction: The most cursory reading of Beowulf alongside any Arthurian romance reveals two drastically different images of the warrior within British literature. One can hardly imagine the armripping, ocean-swimming Geatish warrior riding down the lists to joust with his fellows. At the same time, the courtly Lancelot would scarcely seem at home among the loud laughter and boasts of the mead hall. These examples, imaginative as they may be, reveal two fundamentally different — though both British— understandings of the warrior ideal. On one hand, we see the old AngloSaxon heroic ethos defined by the bond of friendship between ring-giving lord and loyal thane. Glory, loyalty, and dishonor are all defined by the relationship between lord and thane. Chivalric literature of 14th century England sets out a far different ideal for the warrior. While the themes of glory, loyalty, and dishonor remain, they are defined not by the knight’s relationship to his liege lord, but by his adherence to a chivalric ideal. While the chivalric ideal has continued to appear in British literature, Anglo-Saxon heroism with its bond between lord and thane has largely dropped away. The writings of J.R.R. Tolkien provide the striking exception to this. In his own fiction, Tolkien both incorporates and responds to the Anglo-Saxon warrior ideal, praising the friendship between a lord and his thane as the definition of heroism while condemning the pursuit of glory.
“A - Your current OTP
B - A pairing you initially didn’t consider but someone changed your mind
C - A pairing you have never liked and probably never will
D - A pairing you wish you liked but just can’t
E - Have you added anything stupid/cracky/hilarious to your fandom, if so, what
F - What’s the longest you’ve ever been in a fandom
G - Do you remember your first OTP, if so who was in it
H - Do you prefer characters from real action series or anime series
I - Has tumblr caused you to stop liking any fandoms, if so, which and why
J - Name a fandom you didn’t care/think about until you saw it all over tumblr
K - How do you feel about the other people in your current fandom
L - Your favorite fanartist/author gives you one request, what do you ask for
M - Your favorite fanart or fanartist
N - Your favorite fanfiction or fanauthor
O - Choose a song at random, which OTP does it remind you of
P - Invent a random AU for any fandom (we always need more ideas)
Q - A ship you’ve abandoned and why
R - A pairing you ship that you don’t think anyone else ships
S - Show us an example of your personal headcanon
T - If you mostly have homoships, do you have any heteroships
U - If you mostly have heteroships, do you have any homoships
V - Are you one of those fans who can’t watch anything without shipping
W - 5 favorite characters from 5 different fandoms
X - 3 OTPs from 3 different fandoms
Y - A fandom you’re in but have no ships from
Z - Just ramble about something fan-related, go go go”—(via whatnevershouldbe)
Gunnvôra Silfahárr, the Viking Answer Lady on Troll Crosses
Othala is one of the Migration Age runes of the Elder Futhark. By the start of the Viking Age (ca. 800-1100) the letter had disappeared from the 16-rune Younger Futhark. Originally othala represented a sound that is represented in Old Norse by either or . See http://www.arild-hauge.com/eindex.htm for the evolution of the runes by country and date.
Originally, Old Norse was a synonym for , the giants. It was not until Christianity had firmly taken over that the idea of trolls split from that of giants, and the troll became one of the huldufolk, the hidden heathen spirits who lived in the wild, away from people. The Scandinavian view of trolls were that they were uncanny, large, and dangerous. But if you did a troll a good turn and showed proper respect, the troll would be your friend for life, hence the phrase “trusty as a troll”.
I doubt that the symbol dates much before the 1800s, actually.